A great website design consists of a well-designed structure and there are many programming languages that are used for creating web documents. A good website style plays a necessary role within the overall performance of the website and the end result is of utmost importance. The web design and the language used depends on the web developer who is actually creating the websites. Of course, not all the websites that looks similar are developed in the same programming language. CSS is just one of these programming language options used for styling the web pages.
CSS language describes the formatting and the look of the documents created in mark-up languages. This style sheet language is more employed to style user interfaces and web pages written in XHTML and HTML. In the last few years the CSS programming language went through a large number of changes. Those changes and developments made CSS a more reliable programming language today, containing a large set of techniques and tools.
Some widely used and notable examples of CSS frameworks are Bootstrap, Cube, Base, and Ivory framework.
CSS frameworks offer various tools and modules:
• web typography
• set of icons in sprites or icon fonts
• styling for buttons, tooltips, elements of forms
• reset-style sheet
• grid especially for responsive web design
• parts of graphical user interfaces like tabs, Accordion, Modal windows, or slideshow
• often used CSS helper classes
• equalizer to create equal height content
Cube is one of the most flexible and advanced CSS frameworks, built with technology and integrity in mind. This framework gives developers full power of choice and allows creativity, while not having to worry about all of the technology behind it. With Cube, developers can just focus on the design without boring routine.
Here are some of the benefits of using Cube CSS framework:
Cube framework can work on mobile devices and desktops in all modern browsers: IE9+, Safari, Firefox, Opera, and the latest Chrome.
Cube CSS framework is licensed under MIT and is absolutely free to use for both commercial and personal applications.
• line height
All elements and text have applied to them a line-height of 1.618em. No matter what font size you use, this value is universal and perfect for line spacing.
All elements in Cube framework have property set, border box, and box-sizing. Extra width is not added to elements with additional padding.
You can download the Cube framework with LESS, in order to get the variables.less file. With this file developers get all the settings for Cube, such as font size, font family, font colours, headers size, etc. You can also change any setting you want, of course, and rebuild completely Cube according to your taste and needs.
Cube is implementing the best practices with grids. No matter what you are working on, the grid behind a framework must be universal and simple. With Cube grid system, developers can project on a high level of abstraction, without the need to waste time on getting accustomed with artificial measurements and units.
Among the front end CSS frameworks, Foundation and Bootstrap are the most complete and widely-used. However, Ivory framework is another good alternative in the field. Even if it may not be as complete as Foundation and Bootstrap, Ivory Framework is a simpler solution that may be preferred by some developers. It is simple, yet powerful and flexible. Ivory is a lightweight grid based front end fully responsive Web framework that can make front end development easier and faster by handling layouts from 1200px to 320px widths. Its 12 column grid comes with different styles for forms, typography, tables, buttons, pagination, tooltips, toggle-switches, tabs, accordion, and more.
The advantages of using Ivory Frameworks are:
• Flexible Layout
Ivory CSS framework allows for a flexible layout because it can easily adapt to any size screen from TVs to mobile phones. The framework comes with four different width layouts: 960px, 1024px, 1140px, and 1200px. Developers can also define their own width.
• Fluid Grid
Ivory CSS Framework consists of a 12 column fluid width grid. The 12 column is dividable by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 12 equal parts.
• Multi Device Mobility
With Ivory Framework, developers can easily and quickly create layouts that can work on any device.
Ivory Framework is designed in a lightweight manner.
• Browser Support
Ivory works perfectly on all major browsers.
• More Features
Ivory CSS Framework comes with Buttons, Form controls, Typography, and many other UI components.
Base is a CSS responsive framework that is super simple, and works well on all kind of devices. It is lightweight and fast and comes with all the necessary features that allow developers to get started on any web project.
The benefits of Base framework for web design are:
• Responsive Design
Base CSS framework was created to work on all type of devices and provides an easy way for responsive design.
• Awesome Foundation
Base framework is built on Normalize.css and includes all the styles for lists, forms, tables, typography, block quotes, and more.
• Cross Browser
Base can work as well with older browsers (IE7+) as with any modern browsers such as Opera, Firefox, Safari, or Chrome.
Check out this video to learn more:
Programmers may start coding any project with just a grid, and build from there. They may prefer to have control over as many variables as possible. There are times, however, when this just isn’t practical. If you are building an app, or an exceptionally large and complicated site, you may just not have time to style every single element from scratch, and you don’t need to. That’s when you want a complete framework, with extras.